Saturday, December 10, 2022

What Is Albedo?

 

Albedo is part of the energy from the sunlight that casts back into the atmosphere. These rays have a significant effect on our climate. When the albedo rises, the universe reflects light more and consequently, higher levels of radiation are sent back to space so the Earth cools down. Albedo determines the level of heat on the Earth. It is now well known that most of the light from the sun moves up once it hits the Earth. Research has shown that water absorbs light more thereby reflecting less light. If there is more water compared to a hard surface, then there is less solar emission. The Earth, the moon, or any other planet has the ability to transmit albedo.

What Is Albedo?

Albedo can be defined as a way of quantifying how much radiation is reflected from the surface. It is a comparison between the reflection radiation from the surface to the amount of radiation that hits it. This term also refers to the quantity of radiation generated by electromagnetic rays which consequently reflects away.

Seasonal Effects On Albedo

Summer

To understand albedo better, we look at two scenarios. One, if you walk barefoot on the black soil during summer, you will feel a lot of heat and can even get burnt because the surface is absorbing and retaining more heat. Another person walking on white soil during the same season will not be burnt. This is basically because white surface tends to reflect more heat and absorb very little of it. Equally, if you touch a black car in summer it will feel much hotter than touching a white car. This is because black absorbs and retains heat while white car surface will reflect back the solar rays.

Winter

During this season, it is generally wet with either water or ice. Water reflects approximately 6% of the light and absorbs the rest. Ice, on the other hand, reflects 50% to 60% of the incoming solar heat, thereby remaining cooler. A snow-covered area reflects a lot of radiation, which is why skiers having a risk of getting sunburns while on the slopes. Albedo diminishes when the snow-covered places start to warm up.

How Is Albedo Quantified?

Albedo helps us to know how well a surface reflects solar energy. It is measured on a scale of zero to one (0-1). Surfaces differ in absorbent ability but will always be in the range of between 0-1.

Value “0” - If a score of zero is given, then the conclusion is that the surface is highly receptive to light, meaning that the surface takes in all the light that comes into contact with it. It is characterized by black surfaces.

Value “1” - This score is evidence that the surface does not absorb incoming light. It is characterized by white surfaces.

The albedo of our planet is 0.367, whereas that of the moon stands at 0.12, meaning the moon reflects 12% out of the radiation that falls on it. There are many satellites set up to monitor the planet's albedo by use of sensors which measure the light from the Earth that reflects on the surface of the moon. NASA has set out what is called Terra and Aqua Satellites to assist identify any changes in albedo. 

Thursday, December 8, 2022

Time Is But a Stubborn Illusion - Sneak Peek | Genius


From Executive Producers Brian Grazer and Ron Howard, National Geographic's first scripted anthology series, GENIUS, will focus on Nobel Prize-winning physicist Albert Einstein. The all-star cast includes Geoffrey Rush, Johnny Flynn, and Emily Watson.

Steel From Start to Finish



The Mystery of Matter: “OUT OF THIN AIR”


One of science’s great odd couples — British minister Joseph Priestley and French tax administrator Antoine Lavoisier — together discover a fantastic new gas called oxygen, overturning the reigning theory of chemistry and triggering a worldwide search for new elements. Soon caught up in the hunt is science’s first great showman, a precocious British chemist named Humphry Davy, who dazzles London audiences with his lectures, introduces them to laughing gas and turns the battery into a powerful tool in the search for new elements. The Mystery of Matter: Search for the Elements is an exciting series about one of the great adventures in the history of science: the long and continuing quest to understand what the world is made of. Three episodes tell the story of seven of history’s most important scientists as they seek to identify, understand and organize the basic building blocks of matter. The Mystery of Matter: Search for the Elements shows us not only what these scientific explorers discovered but also how,using actors to reveal the creative process through the scientists’ own words and conveying their landmark discoveries through re-enactments shot with replicas of their original lab equipment. Knitting these strands together is host Michael Emerson, a two-time Emmy Award-winning actor. Meet Joseph Priestley and Antoine Lavoisier, whose discovery of oxygen led to the modern science of chemistry, and Humphry Davy, who made electricity a powerful new tool in the search for elements. Watch Dmitri Mendeleev invent the Periodic Table, and see Marie Curie’s groundbreaking research on radioactivity crack open a window into the atom. The Mystery of Matter: Search for the Elements brings the history of science to life for today’s television audience.


The Mystery of Matter: “INTO THE ATOM”


Caught up in the race to discover the atom’s internal parts — and learn how they fit together — a young British physicist, Harry Moseley, uses newly discovered X-rays to put the Periodic Table in a whole new light. And a young American chemist named Glenn Seaborg creates a new element — plutonium — that changes the world forever, unleashing a force of unimaginable destructive power: the atomic bomb. The Mystery of Matter: Search for the Elements is an exciting series about one of the great adventures in the history of science: the long and continuing quest to understand what the world is made of. Three episodes tell the story of seven of history’s most important scientists as they seek to identify, understand and organize the basic building blocks of matter. The Mystery of Matter: Search for the Elements shows us not only what these scientific explorers discovered but also how,using actors to reveal the creative process through the scientists’ own words and conveying their landmark discoveries through re-enactments shot with replicas of their original lab equipment. Knitting these strands together is host Michael Emerson, a two-time Emmy Award-winning actor. Meet Joseph Priestley and Antoine Lavoisier, whose discovery of oxygen led to the modern science of chemistry, and Humphry Davy, who made electricity a powerful new tool in the search for elements. Watch Dmitri Mendeleev invent the Periodic Table, and see Marie Curie’s groundbreaking research on radioactivity crack open a window into the atom. Learn how Harry Moseley’s investigation of atomic number redefined the Periodic Table, and how Glenn Seaborg’s discovery of plutonium opened up a whole new realm of elements still being explored today. The Mystery of Matter: Search for the Elements brings the history of science to life for today’s television audience.

The Mystery of Matter: “UNRULY ELEMENTS”


Over a single weekend in 1869, a young Russian chemistry professor named Dmitri Mendeleev invents the Periodic Table, bringing order to the growing gaggle of elements. But this sense of order is shattered when a Polish graduate student named Marie Sklodowska Curie discovers radioactivity, revealing that elements can change identities — and that atoms must have undiscovered parts inside them. The Mystery of Matter: Search for the Elements is an exciting series about one of the great adventures in the history of science: the long and continuing quest to understand what the world is made of. Three episodes tell the story of seven of history’s most important scientists as they seek to identify, understand and organize the basic building blocks of matter. The Mystery of Matter: Search for the Elements shows us not only what these scientific explorers discovered but also how,using actors to reveal the creative process through the scientists’ own words and conveying their landmark discoveries through re-enactments shot with replicas of their original lab equipment. Knitting these strands together is host Michael Emerson, a two-time Emmy Award-winning actor. Meet Joseph Priestley and Antoine Lavoisier, whose discovery of oxygen led to the modern science of chemistry, and Humphry Davy, who made electricity a powerful new tool in the search for elements. Watch Dmitri Mendeleev invent the Periodic Table, and see Marie Curie’s groundbreaking research on radioactivity crack open a window into the atom. Learn how Harry Moseley’s investigation of atomic number redefined the Periodic Table, and how Glenn Seaborg’s discovery of plutonium opened up a whole new realm of elements still being explored today. The Mystery of Matter: Search for the Elements brings the history of science to life for today’s television audience.

Sunday, December 4, 2022

Portrait of an engineer - 1954


Filmed just prior to the introduction of British Railways 'Modernization Plan', this educational film follows production engineer Ted Wilson as he goes through a typical day at the Vulcan Foundry in Newton-le-Willows, Lancashire, during the early 1950's.
 

Kashi Tamil Sangamam


Daily Pulse: 3rd December - Highlights A day filled with spirituality, knowledge, dance, culture and pure joy. #KashiTamilSangamam #VanakkamKashi
 

Inside India: Village Life in Southern India


A movie by filmaker Ellis Dungan that documents life in southern India. The film is from the collection of the West Virginia State Archives. Ellis R. Dungan was a film maker who lived in Wheeling, West Virginia. After studying cinematography and motion picture production at the University of Southern California, Dungan was invited by a classmate to Indian where his film career was launched. This selection of film contains some of the footage from India.

Meet Sankaralinga from Kanyakumari


He skilfully weaves a unique style of garland from roses giving it a distinctive red ruby appearance. Get a glimpse of his work at the #KashiTamilSangamam#VanakkamKashi

Kashi Tamil Sangamam 2022


This Karthigai month, come join us for the Kashi Tamil Sangmam 2022, an initiative by Government of India as a part of Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav. The event will be held from 17th Nov – 16th Dec 2022 to rediscover the connect between Kashi & Tamil Nadu, the two ancient centers of knowledge, culture and heritage

Story of Modern Wiper Technology

Thursday, December 1, 2022

Flash of Genius. Story of an Inventor -Modern wiper technology

How Robert Kearns Took on Ford and Chrysler and Won

Robert Kearns invented and patented the intermittent windshield wiper only to see his invention show up in Ford, Chrysler and Mercedes-Benz cars. Then he got mad. 


The story of the lone inventor has shaped our understanding of the industrial revolution and the information age. We've all heard the stories of Thomas Edison working tirelessly to perfect his light bulb, and Steve Wozniak pouring over schematics to create the Apple computer.

We also know the fame and fortune these inventors have received as a result of their hard work and ingenuity. But, what happens when an inventor creates a useful invention, patents it, and tries to sell it, only to see his invention stolen by the very companies he tried to sell it to?

In 1953, newly graduated mechanical engineer Robert William Kearns and his new wife Phyllis, were on their honeymoon in Ontario, Canada. During a celebration, a champagne bottle was opened, and its cork flew across the room, striking Kearns in the left eye. The accident caused Kearns to lose most of the vision in that eye.

During his recuperation, Kearn began thinking about the mechanics of the eye, and especially about the eyelid. An eyelid doesn't blink at a predetermined rate, but rather moves when the eye is dry or when a foreign object, such as dust, lands on the surface of the eye.

Kearns reasoned that the windshield wiper of a car should act like an eyelid, altering its wiping rate as the rain and road conditions changed.

Ten Years of Tinkering

For the next ten years, Kearns developed and refined his new intermittent windshield wiper concept. Building a laboratory in his basement, he constructed models using the dashboards of salvaged cars to test and refine his invention.

In 1963, Kearns retrofitted his intermittent windshield wiper onto a running Ford Galaxie convertible, and drove it to the Ford factory in Dearborn, Michigan. Ford was one of the "big three" automobile manufacturers, along with General Motors and Chrysler.

According to Kearns, the Ford managers he met with that day seemed interested in his invention, but were noncommittal. They did, however, call him in for a second meeting.

At this second meeting at Ford, Kearns was greeted by a phalanx of engineers, eager to question him on his intermittent windshield wiper, and to show him, albeit at a distance, an intermittent windshield wiper system of their own. Ford was planning on installing intermittent windshield wipers in its Mercury line of cars.

Feeling a kinship with his fellow engineers, and thinking a deal with Ford was in the offing, Kearns revealed many of the inner workings of his wiper design to the Ford engineers.

Two Years Go By

For the next two years, Kearns met periodically with groups of Ford engineers to discuss intermittent wiper technology, but no offer was made to him to license his technology, or to partner with him in any way. Then, at the end of 1965, Ford stopped calling Robert Kearns altogether.

In 1969, the Ford Motor Company introduced the first electronic intermittent windshield wiper. Kearns, still believing that a deal with Ford was possible, and that Ford was acting in good faith, didn't question Ford's intentions until 1976.

A Shocking Discovery

Kearns spent the early 1970s working as an engineer at the U.S. National Bureau of Standards, and his intermittent windshield wiper was put on the back burner. Then, in 1976, Kearns' eldest son, Dennis Kearns, acquired an intermittent wiper control box used by Mercedes-Benz. Reverse engineering the Mercedes box, Kearns realized that the design was a literal copy of his patented invention.

Pouring over the patent filings from Ford, Volkswagen, Renault, General Motors, Mercedes-Benz and others, Kearns recognized that they had all simply copied and pasted several key elements of his design and incorporated them into their own patent filings.

Kearns was crushed and angry that companies he had admired his whole life were stealing from him without regard for his rights as the patent holder for the invention of the intermittent windshield wiper. Kearns described the companies' behavior as, "Bob Kearns doesn't count. He's nothing. He doesn't exist."

Kearns Fights Back

From 1977 onward, Kearns referred to his occupation as "litigant." He filed lawsuits against Ford, Chrysler, General Motors, and several European carmakers, including Mercedes-Benz.

As the legal cases worked their way through the courts, the stress on Kearns and his family mounted. He suffered a nervous breakdown and spent several weeks in a hospital. His long marriage to wife Phyllis ended.

The financial cost of taking on the auto giants weighed heavily on Kearns, and in several cases, he represented himself in court. This may have lead to the dismissal of a number of cases due to missed deadlines, and a lack of court-ordered filings being presented to the court.

And the Decision Is ...

Finally, in 1990, after more than a decade in the legal system, the Ford Motor Company agreed to settle with Robert Kearns for $10.2 million. In 1992, Kearns won a judgment against Chrysler for $30 million. Chrysler appealed the decision, but it was upheld when the U.S. Supreme Court refused to hear Chrysler's appeal.

In 2005, Robert Kearns died of brain cancer. In 2008, Universal Pictures released the film "Flash of Genius," a retelling of Kearns' story that starred Greg Kinnear as Kearns.



Bloom out of the darkness

Be a loner. That gives you time to wonder

Monday, November 28, 2022

Streets of south India

Old Irrigation Method In South India

Mathematics of Carnatic Music

Mat

Inside india. Village life of south india

Jallikattu in South India

Monday, October 24, 2022

KASHI TAMIL SANGAMAM 2022

An initiative by Government of India as a part of “Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav” and to uphold the Spirit of “Ek Bharat Shreshta Bharat”

https://kashitamil.iitm.ac.in மூலம் ஆன்லைனில் விண்ணப்பிக்க வேண்டும் . ஆன்லைன் செயல்முறை மூலம் பெறப்பட்ட விண்ணப்பம் ஆய்வு செய்யப்பட்டு, ஒவ்வொரு குழுவிற்கும் பிரதிநிதிகள் நோக்கத்திற்காக அமைக்கப்பட்ட குழுவால் தேர்ந்தெடுக்கப்படும். தேர்வுக் குழுவின் முடிவே இறுதியானது.


காசி தமிழ் சங்கத்தின் முக்கியத்துவம்

காசிக்கும் இடையே பல நூற்றாண்டுகளாக இருந்து வரும் பழங்காலத் தொடர்புகளை மீண்டும் கண்டறியவும், மீண்டும் உறுதிப்படுத்தவும், கொண்டாடவும் ஒரு முன்மொழிவு உருவாக்கப்பட்டுள்ளது. இதற்க்காக ஒரு மாத காலம் “காசி தமிழ் சங்கமம்” என்கிற நிகழ்ச்சி ஏற்பாடு செய்யப்பட்டுள்ளத. காசியில் நவம்பர் 16 முதல் டிசம்பர் 19, 2022 வரை, இந்திய கலாச்சாரத்தின் இரண்டு பண்டைய வெளிப்பாடுகளின் பல்வேறு அம்சங்களைக் கொண்டு, வல்லுநர்கள்/அறிஞர்களிடையே கல்விப் பரிமாற்றங்கள் - கருத்தரங்குகள், கலந்துரையாடல்கள் போன்றவை நடைபெறும். இரண்டிற்கும் இடையே உள்ள இணைப்புகள் மற்றும் பகிரப்பட்ட மதிப்புகள். இரண்டு அறிவு மற்றும் பண்பாட்டு மரபுகளை நெருக்கமாகக் கொண்டு வருவதும், நமது பகிரப்பட்ட பாரம்பரியத்தை உருவாக்குவதும், புரிந்துகொள்வதும், பிராந்தியங்களுக்கிடையில் மக்களுக்கும் மக்களுக்கும் இடையிலான பிணைப்பை ஆழப்படுத்துவதும் பரந்த நோக்கமாகும். இரண்டு பகுதிகளின் பாரம்பரிய அறிவு புத்தகங்கள் மற்றும் ஆய்வுக் கட்டுரைகளில் ஒரு அறிவுசார் பொக்கிஷமாகவும், பல்வேறு தொழில்களில் பயிற்சியாளர்களுடன் நடைமுறை வடிவமாகவும் இருப்பதால், ஒரு அர்த்தமுள்ள பயிற்சியானது அறிவுசார் மற்றும் நடைமுறை ஆகிய இரண்டு பகுதிகளையும் உள்ளடக்கியதாக இருக்கும் என்று உணரப்படுகிறது., காசி தமிழ் சங்கமம், விடுதலை அமுத மகோத்சவத்தின் ஒரு பகுதியாக, தமிழ்நாடு மற்றும் வாரணாசி மக்களிடையே பொதுவான அனுபவம், பாராட்டு மற்றும் பிணைப்புகளை மேலும் வலுப்படுத்தும்.

இந்தியாவின் நாகரிக சொத்துக்களில் உள்ள ஒற்றுமையை புரிந்து கொள்ள காசி தமிழ் சங்கமம் ஒரு சிறந்த தளமாக இருக்கும். 'ஒரே பாரதம் , உன்னத பாரதம் ' என்ற உணர்வை நிலைநிறுத்த இத்தகைய புரிதல் அவசியம். இந்திய அறிவு முறைகள், கல்வி மற்றும் பயிற்சி நடைமுறைகள், கலை & கலாச்சாரம், மொழி, இலக்கியம் போன்ற பல்வேறு அம்சங்களில் மாணவர்கள், அறிஞர்கள், கல்வியாளர்கள், பயிற்சி வல்லுநர்கள் போன்றவர்களுக்கு இது தனித்துவமான கற்றல் அனுபவமாக இருக்கும். தேசிய கல்விக் கொள்கையில் (2020) கூறப்பட்டுள்ளபடி இவை பன்முகப்பட்ட கல்வி நீரோட்டங்கள் மற்றும் தொடர் கற்றலின் அவசியத்தின் தேவையை ஒட்டி அமைக்க பட்டுள்ளது. இந்நிகழ்ச்சியில், கல்வி மற்றும் இணை - கல்வி அமர்வுகள் பல்வேறு துறைகளில் இருந்து பெறப்பட்ட நிபுணர்களால் நன்கு நிர்வகிக்கப்பட்டு, இந்த சிறப்பை வெளிக்காட்டுவதுடன் தகவல் மற்றும் அனுபவங்களின் கலாச்சார பரிமாற்றத்திற்கான நல்ல தளத்தை வழங்கவிருக்கிறது

சங்கமத்தின் நிகழ்ச்சி அமைப்பு
கல்வித் திட்டம்

இலக்கியம் , பழங்கால நூல்கள், தத்துவம், ஆன்மிகம், இசை, நடனம், நாடகம், யோகா, ஆயுர்வேதம், கைத்தறி, கைவினைப் பொருட்கள் மற்றும் நவீன கண்டுபிடிப்புகள், வர்த்தகம் போன்ற அறிவின் பல்வேறு அம்சங்களை உள்ளடக்கிய தொடர் கருப்பொருள்களை மையமாக வைத்து காசி தமிழ் சங்கமம் அமையும். பரிமாற்றங்கள், கல்வி மற்றும் அடுத்த தலைமுறை தொழில்நுட்பம் போன்றவை. \ கருத்தரங்குகள், விவாதங்கள், விரிவுரைகள், செயல்முறை விளக்கத்துடன கூடிய விரிவுரைகள் போன்றவை இந்த கருப்பொருள்களில் சிறந்த பொருள் வல்லுநர்களால் நடத்தப்படும்.

கலாச்சார நிகழ்ச்சி

மேற்கூறியவற்றுடன், தமிழ்நாட்டின் கலை, கலாச்சாரம், உணவு வகைகள், கைத்தறிகள், கைவினைப்பொருட்கள் போன்ற பொருட்காட்சி அமைக்கப்படும், மேலும் பரதநாட்டிய நடனம், கர்நாடக இசை / தமிழிசை, தமிழ் நாட்டுப்புற இசை, நாதஸ்வரம் இசைக் கச்சேரி, தேவாரம் போன்ற கலாச்சார நிகழ்ச்சிகளும் நடத்தப்படும். தமிழிசை வடிவில் திருவாசகம், கம்ப ராமாயண விவாதம், வில்லுப்பாட்டு, பொம்மலாட்டம் , சிலம்பாட்டு , காவடி ஆட்டம் , கரகம் , பட்டிமன்றம் , தமிழ் நாட்டுப்புற நடனங்கள் கரகாட்டம், பொய்க்கால் குதிரை, தப்பாட்டம் போன்றவை வாரணாசி மக்கள் ரசிப்பதற்காக பிரத்யேகமாக நியமிக்கப்பட்ட இடங்களில் ஏற்பாடு செய்யப்பட்டுள்ளன.

இந்த விவாதங்களின் பலன் இந்த அறிவுத் துறைகளின் உண்மையான பயிற்சியாளர்களைச் சென்றடைவதை உறுதி செய்வதற்காக, வல்லுநர்கள் தவிர, தமிழகத்தின் பல்வேறு பகுதிகளில் இருந்து பல்வேறு குழுக்களைச் சேர்ந்த பொது பயிற்சியாளர்களை வாரணாசி மற்றும் எட்டு (8) நாள் பயண திட்டப்படி, மாணவர்கள், ஆசிரியர்கள், இலக்கியவாதிகள் (ஆசிரியர்கள், கவிஞர்கள், பதிப்பாளர்கள்), கலாச்சார வல்லுநர்கள், வல்லுநர்கள் (கலை, இசை, நடனம், நாடகம், நாட்டுப்புறக் கலை, யோகா, ஆயுர்வேதம் பயிற்சி), தொழில்முனைவோர் (SMEகள், ஸ்டார்ட்அப்) உட்பட 12 குழுக்கள் அடையாளம் காணப்பட்டுள்ளன.) வணிகர்கள், (சமூக வணிகக் குழுக்கள், ஹோட்டல் உரிமையாளர்கள்,) கைவினைஞர்கள், பாரம்பரியம் தொடர்பான வல்லுநர்கள் (தொல்பொருள் ஆராய்ச்சியாளர்கள், சுற்றுலா வழிகாட்டிகள், வலைப்பதிவர்கள் போன்றவை ) ஆன்மீக, கிராமப்புற, சம்பிரதாய அமைப்புகள். இவர்கள் கல்விசார்ந்த நிகழ்ச்சிகளில் பங்கேற்பார்கள். மற்றும், அதே துறையில் தொடர்புடைய வாரணாசி மக்களுடன் தொடர்பு கொள்ளவும், வாரணாசி மற்றும் அதைச் சுற்றியுள்ள ஆர்வமுள்ள இடங்களைப் பார்வையிடவும் செய்வார்கள்.

தமிழகத்தின் பல்வேறு பகுதிகளில் இருந்து 210 பேர் ஒரு குழுவாக 8 நாட்களுக்கு அழைத்துச் செல்லப்படுவர். சுமார் 2500 பேர் கொண்ட அத்தகைய 12 குழுக்கள் ஒரு மாத காலத்திற்கு வருகை தரும். வழக்கமான ரயில்களுடன் இணைக்கப்பட்ட சிறப்பு ரயில் பெட்டிகளில் - ராமேஸ்வரம் , சென்னை மற்றும் கோயம்புத்தூர் ஆகிய மூன்று நகரங்களிலிருந்து குழுக்கள் புறப்படும் .
சங்கமத்தின் முடிவில், தமிழ்நாட்டு மக்கள் காசியின் ஆழ்ந்த அனுபவத்தைப் பெறுவார்கள், மேலும் காசி மக்கள், பல்வேறு நிகழ்ச்சிகள், வருகைகள், உரையாடல்கள் போன்றவற்றின் ஆரோக்கியமான அறிவுப்பகிர் அனுபவங்களின் பரிமாற்றத்தின் மூலம், தமிழகத்தின் கலாச்சார செழுமையை அறிந்து கொள்வார்கள்.

What would happen if you didn't sleep?

In the United States, it's estimated that 30 percent of adults and 66 percent of adolescents are regularly sleep-deprived. This isn't just a minor inconvenience: staying awake can cause serious bodily harm. Claudia Aguirre shows what happens to your body and brain when you skip sleep.

How I'm discovering the secrets of ancient texts

Gregory Heyworth is a textual scientist; he and his lab work on new ways to read ancient manuscripts and maps using spectral imaging technology. In this fascinating talk, watch as Heyworth shines a light on lost history, deciphering texts that haven't been read in thousands of years. How could these lost classics rewrite what we know about the past?

Sunday, October 16, 2022

ஒரே பாடல், மூன்று பேர் பாடினர், மூவரும் வெவ்வேறு மதத்தினர், பாடலின் அந்தவரி வரும் போது மூவரும் அழுது விட்டனர், மூன்றும் வெவ்வேறு சேனல்கள்,இசையின் மகிமையா, இறைவன் மகிமையா?

Two minutes of gold from Kapil Dev

Sunday, September 4, 2022

Garuda Gamana Tava is a powerful Maha Vishnu Strotram


கருட கமன தவ, சரண கமல மிஹ, மனஸி லஸது மம நித்யம் |
மம தாபம பாகுரு தேவ, மம பாபம பாகுரு தேவ ||


ஜலஜ நயன விதி, நமுசி ஹரண முக, விபூத வினுத பத பத்ம |
மம தாபம பாகுரு தேவ, மம பாபம பாகுரு தேவ ||


புஜக ஷயன பவ, மதன ஜனக மம, ஜனன மரண பய ஹாரி |
மம தாபம பாகுரு தேவ, மம பாபம பாகுரு தேவ ||

ஷங்க சக்ர தர, துஷ்ட தைத்ய ஹர, ஸர்வ லோக சரண |
மம தாபம பாகுரு தேவ, மம பாபம பாகுரு தேவ ||

அகணித குண கண, அஷரண ஷரணத, விதலித சுரரிபு ஜால |
மம தாபம பாகுரு தேவ, மம பாபம பாகுரு தேவ ||

பக்த வர்ய்ய மிஹ, பூரி கருணயா, பாஹி பாரதி தீர்த்தம் |
மம தாபம பாகுரு தேவ, மம பாபம பாகுரு தேவ ||
 


மஹா விஷ்ணு க்ரிதி

(ஜகத் குரு பாரதி தீர்த்த ஸ்வாமிஜி

சிரிங்கேரி)


Verse 1 गरुडगमन तव चरणकमलमिह मनसि लसतु मम नित्यम् | मनसि लसतु मम नित्यम् ॥ मम तापमपाकुरु देव | मम पापमपाकुरु देव ॥ garuḍagamana tava caraṇakamalamiha manasi lasatu mama nityam | manasi lasatu mama nityam ॥ mama tāpamapākuru deva | mama pāpamapākuru deva ॥ Meaning : garuḍa-gamana = Oh (God), who travels on Garuda; tava = your; caraṇa-kamalam = lotus feet; lasatu = let (it) shine; nityam = always; iha = here; mama manasi = in my mind; deva = O God; apākuru = remove; mama = my; tāpam = sufferings; deva = O God; apākuru = remove; mama = my; pāpam = sins; अन्वयः हे गरुडगमन | तव चरणकमलम् इह मम मनसि नित्यं लसतु | मम मनसि नित्यम् लसतु | हे देव | मम तापम् अपाकुरु | हे देव | मम पापम् अपाकुरु ॥ Verse 2 जलजनयन विधिनमुचिहरणमुख- विबुधविनुतपदपद्म | विबुधविनुतपदपद्म मम तापमपाकुरु देव | मम पापमपाकुरु देव ॥ jalajanayana vidhinamuciharaṇamukha vibudhavinutapadapadma | vibudhavinutapadapadma mama tāpamapākuru deva | mama pāpamapākuru deva ॥ Meaning: jalaja-nayana = O (God), whose eyes are like lotus pada-padma = O (God), who has lotus feet; vinuta = that is worshipped by; vibudha = numerous learned ones ; mukha = starting with; vidhi = Brahma (and); namuci-haraṇa = Indra, the killer of Namuci deva = O God; apākuru = remove; mama = my; tāpam = sufferings; deva = O God; apākuru = remove; mama = my; pāpam = sins; अन्वयः हे जलजनयन | हे विधिनमुचिहरणमुखविबुधविनुतपदपद्म | हे विबुधविनुतपदपद्म | हे देव | मम तापम् अपाकुरु | हे देव | मम पापम् अपाकुरु ॥ Verse 3 भुजगशयन भव मदनजनक मम जननमरण-भयहारी | जननमरण-भयहारी मम तापमपाकुरु देव | मम पापमपाकुरु देव ॥ bhujagaśayana bhava madanajanaka mama jananamaraṇa-bhayahārī | jananamaraṇa-bhayahārī mama tāpamapākuru deva | mama pāpamapākuru deva ॥ English Meaning bhujaga-śayana = O (God), whose bed is the serpent; madana-janaka = O (God), the father of Kaama; bhava = Become; mama = my; bhaya-hārī = dispeller of the fear; janana-maraṇa = of life and death; deva = O God; apākuru = remove; mama = my; tāpam = sufferings; deva = O God; apākuru = remove; mama = my; pāpam = sins; अन्वयः हे भुजगशयन | हे मदनजनक | मम जननमरणभयहारी भव | जननमरणभयहारी (भव) | हे देव | मम तापम् अपाकुरु | हे देव | मम पापम् अपाकुरु ॥ Verse 4 शङ्खचक्रधर दुष्टदैत्यहर सर्वलोक-शरण | सर्वलोक-शरण | मम तापमपाकुरु देव | मम पापमपाकुरु देव ॥ śaṅkhacakradhara duṣṭadaityahara sarvaloka-śaraṇa | sarvaloka-śaraṇa mama tāpamapākuru deva | mama pāpamapākuru deva ॥ English Meaning: śaṅkha-cakra-dhara = O (God), who adorns the conch and the disc; duṣṭa-daitya-hara = O (God), the destroyer of the wicked Asuras; sarva-loka-śaraṇa = O (God), the sole refuge for the entire world; deva = O God; apākuru = remove; mama = my; tāpam = sufferings; deva = O God; apākuru = remove; mama = my; pāpam = sins; अन्वयः हे शङ्खचक्रधर | हे दुष्टदैत्यहर | हे सर्वलोकशरण | हे सर्वलोकशरण | हे देव | मम तापम् अपाकुरु | हे देव | मम पापम् अपाकुरु ॥ Verse 5 अगणित-गुणगण अशरणशरणद विदलित-सुररिपुजाल | विदलित-सुररिपुजाल मम तापमपाकुरु देव | मम पापमपाकुरु देव ॥ agaṇita-guṇagaṇa aśaraṇaśaraṇada vidalita-suraripujāla | vidalita-suraripujāla mama tāpamapākuru deva | mama pāpamapākuru deva ॥ English Meaning: agaṇita-guṇa-gaṇa = O (God), who possesses a collection of innumerable good qualities aśaraṇa-śaraṇada = O (God), who is the giver of protection, to those without any refuge vidalita-sura-ripu-jāla = O (God), who destroyed the collection of Asuras, the enemies of the Devas deva = O God; apākuru = remove; mama = my; tāpam = sufferings; deva = O God; apākuru = remove; mama = my; pāpam = sins; अन्वयः हे अगणितगुणगण | हे अशरणशरणद | हे विदलितसुररिपुजाल | हे देव | मम तापम् अपाकुरु | हे देव | मम पापम् अपाकुरु ॥ Verse 6 भक्तवर्यमिह भूरिकरुणया पाहि भारतीतीर्थम् | पाहि भारतीतीर्थम् | मम तापमपाकुरु देव | मम पापमपाकुरु देव ॥ bhaktavaryamiha bhūrikaruṇayā pāhi bhāratītīrtham | pāhi bhāratītīrtham mama tāpamapākuru deva | mama pāpamapākuru deva ॥ English Meaning: pāhi = You protect; iha = here; bhūri-karuṇayā = with overwhelming compassion; bhāratītīrtham = Sri Bharati Tirtha Swami; bhakta-varyam = who is a principal devotee; deva = O God; apākuru = remove; mama = my; tāpam = sufferings; deva = O God; apākuru = remove; mama = my; pāpam = sins; अन्वयः

Friday, September 2, 2022

SURROUNDED BY IDIOTS Book Review | Thomas Erikson | The 4 Types of Human Behaviour

Surrounded by Idiots shares a groundbreaking new method of understanding the people around you. Ranging from your coworkers to your spouse, this book will change how you interact with everyone In this book, Thomas Erikson explains four key behaviour types that define how we interact with and perceive the people around us. Reds who are dominant and commanding, Yellows who are social and optimistic, Greens who are laid back and friendly, and Blues who are analytical and detail-oriented. The purpose of Surrounded by Idiots is to highlight that no group should be composed solely of individuals of the same type. Diversity is the best way to put a group of people together and achieve decent dynamics.


Wednesday, August 24, 2022

Tamil Version | Hon'ble PM Shri Narendra Modi 's Address to the Nation | 76th Independence Day

Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission - Benefits of ABHA number


Create ABHA number click the following link

ஆயுஷ்மான் பாரத் டிஜிட்டல் மிஷன் (ABHA)-வின் ஒரு பகுதியாக டிஜிட்டல் ஹெல்த் கார்டு 2022 முயற்சியை இந்திய அரசு தொடங்கி இருக்கிறது. இது மிகவும் குறிப்பிடத்தக்க ஹெல்த் கார்ட் ஆகும். காரணம் இந்த கார்ட் குடிமக்களின் மருத்துவ வரலாற்றைச் சேமிக்க உங்களை அனுமதிக்கிறது. டிஜிட்டல் ஹெல்த் கார்டுக்கு படிவத்தை பூர்த்தி செய்து விண்ணப்பிக்கலாம். டிஜிட்டல் ஹெல்த் கார்டு 2022 விண்ணப்பிக்க healthid.ndhm.gov.in என்ற இணையதளத்துக்கு சென்று ஆதார் அட்டை மற்றும் ஓட்டுநர் உரிமத்தை பதிவிட்டு விண்ணப்பிக்கலாம். அதன்பின் ABHA டிஜிட்டல் ஹெல்த் கார்டை பதிவிறக்கம் செய்து பயன்படுத்தலாம்

How to link voter ID with Aadhaar card: a step by step guide

How to link voter ID with Aadhaar card: a step by step guide

As per the ECI, the aim of the exercise is to establish the identity of electors and authenticate entries in the electoral roll.

The Election Commission of India (ECI) has launched a drive to link voter identity cards with Aadhaar cards.



As per the ECI, the aim of the exercise is to establish the identity of electors and authenticate entries in the electoral roll as well as to identify if the same person is registered in more than one constituency or more than once in the same constituency.

For linking the Aadhaar card with the EPIC online via mobile, the ECI has shared the following steps.

The EPIC cardholder has to first download and install Voter Helpline App either from Google Play Store (Android users) or App store (iPhone users).

After the installation is complete, open Voter Helpline App and click on “I agree” and then “Next”. Among the options which appear, click on the first option “Voter Registration”, and then select “Electoral Authentication Form (Form6B)” and “Lets Start”.

Now, enter your mobile number and click on “send OTP”. Enter the OTP shared on the mobile number and then click on “Verify”.

After this, select the first option “Yes I have voter ID” and then click “Next”. Now enter the “Voter ID (EPIC)” number, select the “State” and then click on “Fetch details” and “Proceed”.

Enter details shown on the screen and then click on “Next”. Now, enter “Aadhaar Number”, “Mobile number”, “Place of Application” and then click “done”Form 6B Preview page will be displayed.

Check details and click on “Confirm” for the final submission of Form-6B. After final confirmation Form 6B’s reference number will be received.

Form-6B is for voters to share their Aadhaar number with the ECI. It is also available online at nvsp.in.

The move from the ECI to link voter ID with Aadhaar comes against the backdrop of The Election Laws (Amendment) Act, 2021, which was passed in Parliament in December last year.

The Act amends the Representation of the People Act, for allowing the linking of voter IDs with Aadhaar on a voluntary basis, “for the purposes of authentication of entries in the electoral roll.”



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